Courses

NOTE:
The number in parentheses following the course title indicates the semester hours of credit assigned to the course. An H following the course number indicates an honors level course.

Biology
(1.0)
BIO 103
Human Biology [Laboratory]

Laboratory study helps to clarify and illustrate the major concepts of BIO 103 lecture, which is to be taken concurrently. Course fee applicable. Some of the topics emphasized in the lab include experimental design using the scientific method, cellular processes such as diffusion and osmosis, replication, transcription and translation, the organization of the body including arrangement of internal organs, structures of the ear and eye, bones and muscles. Course fee applicable.

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(3.0)
BIO 103
Human Biology [Lecture]

This comprehensive course considers all aspects of human anatomy and physiology at a level suitable for those who are not majoring in Biology. The structure and function of cells; tissues and organ systems are studied. The role that heredity, nutrition, disease, and other factors play in essential life processes are also considered. Prerequisite: high school biology or permission of instructor; BIO 103 Lab is to be taken concurrently.

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(1.0)
BIO 104
Fundamentals of Life Science [Laboratory]

Laboratory work illustrates the major topics of BIO 104, which is to be taken concurrently. Experiments and demonstrations will provide the student with hands on experience covering a variety of topics discussed during lecture. Course fee applicable.

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(3.0)
BIO 104
Fundamentals of Life Science [Lecture]

The course is designed as a first science class for students preparing to take additional science courses or for students who need a general overview of topics in biology. It is also intended to help develop scientifically literate individuals. Topics include cell structure and function, ecology, animal physiology and behavior, plant anatomy and function, genetics, some human biology and selected current topics in biology. Appropriate for general education, elementary education and nursing.

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(1.0)
BIO 110
Introduction to the Health Sciences [Lecture]

Introduction to the Health Sciences is a one-hour survey course of the health sciences. Each week a practicing professional will present an introduction to his or her profession. This will include a description of personal qualities required for a successful practice, employment opportunities, and specific training and certification required. The professions of medicine, dentistry, optometry, veterinary medicine, pharmacy, osteopathic medicine, medical technology, and podiatry are included.

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(1.0)
BIO 111
General Biology I [Laboratory]

Laboratory work illustrates the major concepts of BIO 111, which is to be taken concurrently. Course fee applicable.

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(3.0)
BIO 111
General Biology I [Lecture]

This course is the first of the sequential foundational courses intended for biology and science majors. It covers the chemical processes of life, cellular organization and function, heredity, and molecular genetics. Prerequisite: high school biology.

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(1.0)
BIO 112
General Biology II [Laboratory]

Laboratory work illustrates the major concepts of BIO 112, which is to be taken concurrently. Course fee applicable.

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(3.0)
BIO 112
General Biology II [Lecture]

This course is the second of the sequential foundational courses intended for biology and science majors. It covers the taxonomy of Bacteria, Protists, Fungi, Plants, and Animals. Animal systems will also be introduced. Prerequisites: BIO 111 or equivalent.

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(1.0)
BIO 113
General Biology III [Laboratory]

Laboratory experience will focus on training students to design quality experiments using sound scientific method, to gather data into a meaningful format that can then be communicated both orally and in written form. Studies in water quality and macroinvertebrate analysis at two different locations in the Rochester area will be conducted. Additional experiments will include use of biotechnology to transform plant tissue for further analysis, study of plant adaptations, studies of closed aquarium systems and modeling evolutionary process through mutagenesis. To be taken concurrently with BIO113 lecture. Course fee applicable.

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(3.0)
BIO 113
General Biology III [Lecture]

General Biology III is a topical survey covering basic knowledge in the areas of Plant Biology, Ecology, Evolution and Bioinformatics. Specific coverage of topics will include: plant anatomy and physiology, primary and secondary succession, population and community ecology, conservation biology, mechanisms of evolution and the intersection of science and the Christian world view, bioinformatics and the use of technology in Biology. Some discussion of ethical issues relating to these topics will be included as part of the course. Students may take this course out of sequence (prior to taking BIO 111 or BIO112) provided that they have had a high school Biology class or the equivalent. Prerequisites:BIO 111 and 112.

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(1.0)
BIO 200
Introduction to Environmental Science [Laboratory]

This course will provide an introduction to the science of ecology; an exploration of the range of views concerning environmental ethics, with an emphasis on biblically-based approaches; and an investigation of current environmental issues. The resources and requirements include assigned readings from texts and handouts, class lectures and discussions, an assigned field project, and field trips. Course fee applicable. (Offered alternate years)

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(3.0)
BIO 200
Introduction to Environmental Science [Lecture]

This course will provide an introduction to the science of ecology; an exploration of the range of views concerning environmental ethics, with an emphasis on biblically-based approaches; and an investigation of current environmental issues. The resources and requirements include assigned readings from texts and handouts, class lectures and discussions, an assigned field project, and field trips. Course fee applicable. (Offered alternate years)

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(1.0)
BIO 201
Human Anatomy and Physiology I [Laboratory]

Laboratory studies illustrate principles presented in BIO 201. Course fee applicable.

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(3.0)
BIO 201
Human Anatomy and Physiology I [Lecture]

First of a two-semester course considering the structure and function of the human body at the level of the cell, tissue, organ, and organ-system. The integumentary, skeletal, muscular, and nervous systems are included. Prerequisites: CHM 114 or 111 recommended.

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(1.0)
BIO 202
Human Anatomy and Physiology II [Laboratory]

Laboratory studies illustrate principles presented in BIO 202. Course fee applicable.

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(3.0)
BIO 202
Human Anatomy and Physiology II [Lecture]

This course is a continuation of BIO 201. It includes a study of the endocrine, blood, cardiovascular, respiratory, urinary, reproductive and digestive systems. Prerequisites: BIO 104 with Lab or BIO 111 with Lab.

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(3.0)
BIO 204
Plant Biology [Lecture and Laboratory]

An introduction to botany, this course may include an introduction to the anatomy, physiology (both organismal and molecular), taxonomy, and ecology of plants. Laboratory work supplements the lectures. Prerequisites: BIO 111 and 111 Lab or permission of instructor. Course fee applicable. (Offered on demand)

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(2.0)
BIO 231
Introduction to Research and Scientific Communication [Lecture]

This course will provide the opportunity to critically examine and critique primary scientific literature, to communicate the implications of the work through verbal and written methods, and prepare students for research in the biological or chemical sciences. Prerequisite: BIO 111 and 112 sequence or CHM 111 and 112 sequence

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(1.0)
BIO 301
Microbiology [Laboratory]

Laboratory work illustrates the major concepts of BIO 301, which is to be taken concurrently. Course fee applicable. Prerequisites: BIO 111 with Lab, CHM 114 with Lab, or sophomore standing with 100 level BIO with Lab.

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(3.0)
BIO 301
Microbiology [Lecture]

This course surveys the diversity, structure, function, nutrition, and metabolism of microorganisms with a focus on infectious diseases. Prerequisites: BIO 111 with Lab, CHM 114 with Lab or sophomore standing with 100 level BIO with Lab.

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(1.0)
BIO 302
Genetics [Laboratory]

Laboratory studies emphasize bacterial genetics and current recombinant DNA technology. Experiments include yeast transformation and analysis, PCR techniques, Southern blotting, plasmid isolation, and mapping. Genetic model organisms utilized include: plants, bacteria, phage, and yeast. Corequisite: BIO 302 Lecture. Course fee applicable. Prerequisites: BIO 111 with Lab and BIO 112 with Lab.

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(3.0)
BIO 302
Genetics [Lecture]

The first part of this course explores traditional Mendelian genetics: mitosis and meiosis, patterns of inheritance, probability and chi-square, gene structure, mutation, function and regulation, and recombination in microorganisms. The second part of the course investigates the structure and function of DNA, the mechanism of transcription, and the steps involved in protein translation. Developments in gene cloning and the use of PCR will be explored. The third and final part of the course surveys the field of population genetics. Prerequisites: BIO 111 with Lab and BIO 112 with Lab.

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(1.0)
BIO 306
Immunology [Laboratory]

Students will conduct the following immunology techniques: Immunoelectrophoresis, radial immodiffusion, ELISA, Ouchterlony gel diffusion, rocket electrophoresis, Western blot and cell surface receptor studies. In addition, students will read current literature and give an oral presentation. Prerequisites: BIO 111 with Lab and BIO 112 with Lab. Course fee applicable. (Offered alternate years)

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(3.0)
BIO 306
Immunology [Lecture]

This introductory course is designed to present basic concepts of immunological processes including antigen-antibody production and interaction, types of cells involved and interactions, humoral and cellular response mechanisms, non-specific host defense mechanisms, and selected clinical applications. Prerequisites: BIO 111 with Lab and BIO 112 with Lab. (Offered alternate years)

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(1.0)
BIO 320
Comparative Anatomy of Vertebrates [Laboratory]

Laboratory studies will enhance/supplement material covered in class by providing the student with opportunity to visually and manually apply the information learned in the class setting. Dissections of representative vertebrates will provide a means by which the student can compare the changes within the anatomy of vertebrate organisms as they move up the phylogenetic tree. Prerequisites: BIO 111 with Lab and BIO 112 with Lab. Course fee applicable.

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(3.0)
BIO 320
Comparative Anatomy of Vertebrates [Lecture]

This course offers a comparable study of the development and adult gross anatomy of representative vertebrates. Initial lectures are concerned with early vertebrate morphogenesis, followed by correlation of the vertebrate with taxonomy, chronology, and homology. Prerequisites: BIO 111 with Lab and BIO 112 with Lab.

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(1.0)
BIO 321
Physiology [Laboratory]

The laboratory experience is designed to illustrate the concepts of the BIO 321 course taken concurrently. Prerequisites: BIO 111 with Lab, BIO 112 with Lab, and BIO 320. (Offered alternate years)

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(3.0)
BIO 321
Physiology [Lecture]

This course explores the cellular and molecular basis of mammalian physiology. It emphasizes the major systems of the human body and addresses current models and biomedical research. Prerequisites: BIO 111 with Lab, BIO 112 with Lab, and BIO 320. (Offered alternate years)

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(1.0)
BIO 323
Exercise Physiology [Laboratory]

This course teaches the principles of physiology as applied to exercise. It is required for Physical Education majors but cannot be applied toward the General Education lab science requirement or toward a major, minor, or concentration in the Department of Biological and Chemical Sciences or the Department of Computer Science, Mathematics and Physics. Prerequisites: BIO 201 and BIO 202 with Labs or BIO 321. (Offered alternate years)

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(3.0)
BIO 323
Exercise Physiology [Lecture]

This course teaches the principles of physiology as applied to exercise. It is required for Physical Education majors but cannot be applied toward the General Education lab science requirement or toward a major, minor, or concentration in the Department of Biological and Chemical Sciences or the Department of Computer Science, Mathematics and Physics. Prerequisites: BIO 201 and BIO 202 with Labs or BIO 321. (Offered alternate years)

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(1.0)
BIO 340
Selected Topics in Biology [Laboratory]

Current problems and research areas in biology are studied. This lab is offered at the discretion of the instructor per announcement/catalog listing. Prerequisite: permission of instructor. (Offered alternate years).

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(1.0-3.0)
BIO 340
Selected Topics in Biology [Lecture]

Current problems and research areas in biology are studied. May be supplemented with a one-hour laboratory, per current announcement/catalog listing. Prerequisite: permission of instructor. (Offered alternate years).

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(1.0-3.0)
BIO 350
Structured Study [Lecture]

Approved advanced topics in biology are researched. May be repeated with different topics. (Offered on demand)

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(1.0)
BIO 401
Developmental Biology [Laboratory]

Laboratory work illustrates the major concepts of BIO 401, which is to be taken concurrently. Student projects and presentations will be a major component of the lab. Course fee applicable. Prerequisites: BIO 111 with Lab and BIO 112 with Lab. BIO 320 recommended.

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(3.0)
BIO 401
Developmental Biology [Lecture]

This course examines developmental patterns and processes on an embryonic and genetic level. A variety of organisms will be examined, focusing on plant and animal development. Course fee applicable. (Offered on demand) Prerequisites: BIO 111 with Lab and BIO 112 with Lab. BIO 320 recommended.

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(1.0)
BIO 420
Cell Biology [Laboratory]

Cell biology lab emphasizes the use of tissue culture and aseptic techniques. Open-ended experiments include Rous sarcoma virus infection of chick fibroblasts, chlamydia infection of HeLa cells, epiflourescents microscopy of subcellular organelles, karyotyping of peripheral blood lymphocytes, digitized image analysis with digital camera and video camera, and transfection of plasmid DNA into tissue-cultured cells. Students learn to work independently in the laboratory, to prepare their own reagents, and to develop their own laboratory protocols. Prerequisites: BIO 111 with Lab and BIO 112 with Lab. Course fee applicable. (Offered alternate years)

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(3.0)
BIO 420
Cell Biology [Lecture]

This course emphasizes the structure and function of eukaryotic cells. Discussion begins with the structure and function of membranes, moves to the cytoskeleton and intracellular sorting and compartmentalization, regulation of cell growth and division, cell junctions, cell adhesion and chemical signaling, and concludes with the initiation and development of cancer. Prerequisites: BIO 111 with Lab and BIO 112 with Lab. Recommended: BCH 305 or permission of instructor. (Offered alternate years)

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(3.0-6.0)
BIO 450
Internship [Practicum]

This internship provides the opportunity to gain practical experience in a laboratory or field placement.

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(1.0)
BIO 460
Biology Seminar: Upper Division [Lecture]

Seniors will prepare curricular vitae and analyze current literature during this course. In addition, they will continue to refine their written and oral presentation skills. Scientific literature will be reviewed and current ethical issues will be addressed. Prerequisite: senior standing.

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(1.0-3.0)
BIO 495
Independent Study in Biology [Independent Study]

Independent study provides opportunity to pursue advanced or special-interest topics not covered in the curriculum. Prerequisites: 1. Junior standing. 2. A minimum of 9 semester hours in the discipline of the Independent Study. 3. A minimum grade point average of 2.50 in the discipline. 4. Proof of motivation and ability to work independently. 5. Approval of the department in which the study is to be taken. 6. Permission from the student's advisor, the course instructor, the Department Chair, the School Dean, and the Registrar.

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(1.0-11.0)
BIO 498
Undergraduate Research [Independent Study]

Students conduct laboratory research in biology under supervision of a faculty member. Permission of instructor is required. Guidelines for Independent Study apply. A written report is required. (May be repeated with new research.) Prerequisites: 1. Junior standing. 2. A minimum of 9 semester hours in the discipline of the Independent Study. 3. A minimum grade point average of 2.50 in the discipline. 4. Proof of motivation and ability to work independently. 5. Approval of the division in which the study is to be taken. 6. Permission from the student's advisor, the course instructor, the Division Chair, and the Registrar.

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